Above-

When you tack on the word “above” to the front of another word to turn it into an adjective, sometimes it’s hyphenated, and sometimes it’s a single word.

Single Word Examples:

Aboveboard = free from all traces of deceit or hidden facts

The supervisor was aboveboard when he noted that this project would require a considerable amount of overtime.

Aboveground = located on or above the surface of the earth

There are separate inspection methods for aboveground pipelines and subsea pipelines.

For these words, it doesn’t matter whether they appear before or after the noun they modify.

Hyphenated Examples:

Above-mentioned = mentioned in the text in a preceding paragraph

The above-mentioned core analysis procedure was used to test the newly acquired cores from Wells A-987 and B-456.

Above-referenced = referring to the source cited previously

The carbonate facies were categorized according to the above-referenced Lucia paper.

For these hyphenated words, on the other hand, it does make a difference if they appear after the noun they modify, in which case they revert back to two separate words.

Unhyphenated Examples:

The core analysis procedure mentioned above was used to test the newly acquired cores from Wells A-987 and B-456.

The carbonate facies were categorized according to the Lucia paper referenced above.

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Typo of the Day: “ally” instead of “alloy.”
I guess the two metals are good friends and work together when under pressure, which might make them allies. Yet another one that got away from Spell-Checker!

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Profound Quote of the Day:
“Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends.
Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies.”
– John F. Kennedy, 35th US President, 1917–1963
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